Douma City

City Profile – Douma

Location:
The most important city in the Governorate of #Damascus countryside, and its administrative center, it is also the largest town in Damascus East Ghouta. #Douma is 9 KM away from Damascus and many areas fall under its administrative jurisdiction.

Area:
19.875 KM2

The population before the siege:
In the last statistics of 2010, the population was more than half a million people.

Population after the siege:
According to some statistics, the population was estimated with 100,000 people, a good number of them are internally displaced of towns of East #Ghouta.

The town is famous for agriculture since it contains large areas of agricultural land. Most of its crops are summer crops such as apricots and grapes, and for this reason, the city’s most important landmark was of a statue of a hand holding a cluster of grapes, it was located at the city’s entrance, then it was later subjected to bombardment.

The city is also famous of industry, it has the largest industrial zone in Damascus countryside, and it contains the central market of Damascus countryside, all of this made Douma a vital place for people from surrounding towns and cities.

During Revolution:
The city’s first demonstration was on the 25th of March, 2011, which came out from the courtyard of its Great Mosque, many activists of Damascus and its countryside have participated in this demonstration as well as activists from other governorates. The demonstration has turned into a sit-in in the city’s square. The sit-in, which was forcibly removed by the regime’s forces, and resulted in the injury of some and the arrest of others.

Residents of the city remember this day very well as it was the revolution’s spark, after which, it was as well as other Syrian cities subjected to many campaigns of suppression and arbitrary arrests, and then to bombardment and systematic destruction.

The city became the center of Damascus East Ghouta by its location, area, population, and diversity, but it also has the largest share of wounded, detainees and missing people.

Situation today:
Ghouta has witnessed an intensive escalation by the regime’s forces, and Douma had its largest share since most of its houses were destroyed, of which 65% was totally destroyed and 90% was of partial destruction.

Nowadays, Douma’s people live in the basements and underground shelters, because of the intensity of the shelling and the fact that most of the houses are not habitable.

Today, the city’s residents live in great fear, especially after the regime’s forces concluded agreements to forcibly deport the inhabitants of the cities and towns of #EasternGhouta which surround the city of Douma, they do not know what their final fate would be .