A Report about the Opportunities and Challenges of Higher Education for the Forcibly Displaced Students of Ghouta

Since the start of the Syrian Revolution in 2011, university students from Eastern Ghouta and other areas that participated in the revolutionary action were obliged to suspend their education for fear of detention and assaults by the Regime soldiers, then in 2013, the Regime imposed strict siege causing complete interruption of students from their education. With the students’ wish to pursue their education, some alternative methods were available under siege where a number of universities and academies were established in Eastern Ghouta. However, they did not gain the international recognition with their certificates, in addition to the lack of teaching staff and specializations as well as the limited funding.

Moreover, the deteriorating economic situation, due to the five year siege, pushed students to leave their education and seek for jobs. The lack of power and Internet for long hours reduced the students’ chances of virtual learning. This suffering had an end with the forced displacement of these students to the North of Syria after the last ruthless campaign conducted by the Syrian Regime on Eastern Ghouta early 2018.

All these circumstances resulted in various challenges and difficulties facing the students’ education progress. Realizing the importance of the academic education pursuit by al Ghouta Campaign, we conducted a survey on university students from Eastern Ghouta who have been recently forcibly displaced to the North of Syria. We analyzed the findings of the questionnaire aiming to prepare this report to shed light on the impact of siege, persistent bombing, repeated displacement and forced displacement on the education reality, and the resulted challenges that hamper the students’ educational progress, hoping to find solutions for these challenges and improve the education status.

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